Title IX protects all students, including transgender and gender-nonconforming students, from sex discrimination. Also, learn about best practices schools can use in creating an LGBTQIA+ inclusive school climate.
US Department of Education Policy Guidance and Resources
Title IX protects all students, including transgender and gender-nonconforming students, from sex discrimination. Title IX encompasses discrimination based on a student’s nonconformity with sex stereotypes and gender identity, including a student’s transgender status. Once a school is notified that a student will begin asserting a gender identity that differs from previous representations or records, the school must begin treating the student consistent with the student’s gender identity. When a school provides sex-segregated activities or facilities, transgender students must be allowed to participate in such activities and access such facilities consistent with their gender identity. Moreover, schools should be aware of their obligation under Title IX and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) to protect the privacy of their students when maintaining education records.
This guidance is designed to provide information and resources LEAs may find useful as they work to provide a school environment that is welcoming of all LGBTQ students, including transgender and gender-nonconforming students.